Finding yourself confused by the seemingly endless promotion of weight-loss strategies and weight loss programs? In this series, we take a look at some popular dietsand assess the research behind them. What is it? The ketogenic diet fat loss is a low-carbohydrate, fat-rich eating plan that has been used for centuries to treat specific health conditions. In the 19th century, the ketogenic diet was commonly used to help control diabetes. In 1920 it was introduced as a good treatment for epilepsy in youngsters in whom medication was ineffective. The ketogenic diet has been tested and found in closely monitored settings for cancer, diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, and Alzheimers disease.
However, the diet program is gaining considerable attention as a potential weight-loss strategy due to the low-carb diet craze, which were only available in the 1970s with the Atkins diet (an extremely low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet, which had been an industrial success and popularized low-carb diets to a new level). Today, other low-carb diets like the Paleo, South Beach, and Dukan diets are common rich in protein but moderate in fat. On the other hand, the ketogenic diet is distinctive for the exceptionally high-fat content, typically 70% to 80%, though with merely a moderate consumption of protein.
The premise of the ketogenic diet to lose weight is when you deprive the body of glucosethe main source of energy for those cells within the body, that is obtained by eating carbohydrate foodsan alternative fuel called ketones is made out of stored fat (thus, the phrase keto-genic). Your brain demands the most glucose in a steady supply, about 120 grams daily, as it cannot store glucose. During fasting, or when hardly any carbohydrate is eaten, your body first pulls stored glucose through the liver and temporarily stops working muscle to release glucose. If this type of continues for 3-4 days and stored glucose is fully depleted, blood levels of a hormone called insulin decrease, and the body begins to use fat as the primary fuel. The liver produces ketone bodies from fat, which can be used in the lack of glucose. 
When ketone bodies accumulate in the blood, this is known as ketosis. Healthy individuals naturally experience mild ketosis during periods of fasting (e.g., sleeping overnight) and extremely strenuous exercise. Proponents in the how to start keto diet for weight loss state that when the diet is carefully followed, blood levels of ketones should never reach a harmful level (known as ketoacidosis) since the brain will use ketones for fuel, and healthy individuals will typically produce enough insulin to prevent excessive ketones from forming.  How soon ketosis happens and the number of ketone bodies that accumulate inside the blood is variable individually for each person and depends upon factors like body fat percentage and resting rate of metabolism. 
What exactly is ketoacidosis? Excessive ketone bodies can create a dangerously toxic level of acid in the blood, called ketoacidosis. During ketoacidosis, the kidneys commence to excrete ketone bodies along with body water within the urine, causing some fluid-related weight reduction. Ketoacidosis usually happens in people with type 1 diabetes as they do not produce insulin, a uwrqor that prevents the overproduction of ketones. However in a few rare cases, ketoacidosis has been reported to take place in nondiabetic individuals following a prolonged very low carbohydrate diet. [4,5]
There exists not one standard ketogenic diet having a specific ratio of macronutrients (carbohydrates, protein, fat). The ketogenic diet typically reduces total carbohydrate intake to under 50 grams a dayless than the amount found in a medium plain bageland may be as low as 20 grams a day. Generally, popular ketogenic resources suggest an average of 70-80% fat from total daily calories, 5-10% carbohydrate, and 10-20% protein. For a 2000-calorie diet, this means about 165 grams fat, 40 grams carbohydrate, and 75 grams protein. The protein amount on the ketogenic diet is kept moderate in comparison to other low-carb high-protein diets, because consuming too much protein can prevent ketosis. The proteins in protein can be transformed into glucose, so keto diet for dummies specifies enough protein to preserve lean body mass including muscle, but that can still cause ketosis.
Many versions of ketogenic diets exist, but all ban carb-rich foods. Many of these foods might be obvious: starches from both refined and whole grain products like breads, cereals, pasta, rice, and cookies; potatoes, corn, along with other starchy vegetables; and fruit drinks. Some that may not be so obvious are beans, legumes, and many fruits. Most ketogenic plans allow foods high in saturated fats, including fatty cuts of meat, processed meats, lard, and butter, in addition to causes of unsaturated fats, such as nuts, seeds, avocados, plant oils, and oily fish. According to your way to obtain information, ketogenic food lists can vary greatly as well as conflict.